Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Color Vision Testing

  • Galina V. Paramei
  • David L. Bimler
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_374

Synonyms

Definition

Color vision testing is the assessment of chromatic discrimination ability and the diagnosis of any perceptual deficiency according to its severity and quality (see Paramei and Bimler, “ Protanopia”; Paramei and Bimler, “ Deuteranopia”; Bimler and Paramei, “ Tritanopia”; Rodríguez-Carmona, “ Environmental Influences on Color Vision”). Tests vary in sensitivity, specificity, ease of use, and time required for administration [1, 2, 3, 4]. Many were designed primarily for vocational screening for congenital deficiency, an issue in any occupation where color-coding conveys information (e.g., railways, aviation, electronics) [5, 6]. Testing is also important for assessing and monitoring acquired color abnormality, appearing as a manifestation of visual-system pathology resulting from ophthalmological diseases (e.g., glaucoma, ocular hypertension), systemic or neurological...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Pokorny, J., Smith, V.C., Verriest, G., Pinckers, A.J.L.G. (eds.): Congenital and Acquired Color Vision Defects. Grune and Stratton, New York (1979)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Birch, J.: Diagnosis of Defective Colour Vision. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1993)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dain, S.: Clinical colour vision tests. Clin. Exp. Optom. 87, 276–293 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cole, B.L.: Assessment of inherited colour vision defects in clinical practice. Clin. Exp. Optom. 90, 157–175 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barbur, J.L., Rodríguez-Carmona, M.: Variability in normal and defective colour vision: consequences for occupational environments. In: Best, J. (ed.) Colour Design: Theories and Application, pp. 24–82. Woodhead Publishing, Philadelphia (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rodríguez-Carmona, M., O’Neill-Biba, M., Barbur, J.L.: Assessing the severity of color vision with implications for aviation and other occupational environments. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 83, 19–29 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Birch, J.: Identification of red-green colour deficiency: sensitivity of the Ishihara and American Optical Company (Hard, Rand and Rittler) pseudo-isochromatic plates to identify slight anomalous trichromatism. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 30, 667–671 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Foote, K.G., Neitz, M., Neitz, J.: Comparison of the Richmond HRR 4th edition and Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue Test for quantitative assessment of tritan color deficiencies. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, A186–A188 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Farnsworth, D.: Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue and dichotomous tests for color vision. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 568–578 (1943)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cranwell, M.B., Pearce, B., Loveridge, C., Hurlbert, A.: Performance on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test is significantly related to non-verbal IQ. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 3171–3178 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lanthony, P.: The desaturated panel D-15. Doc. Ophthalmol. 46, 185–189 (1978)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moreland, J.D., Young, W.B.: A new anomaloscope employing interference filters. Mod. Probl. Ophthalmol. 13, 47–55 (1974)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mollon, J.D., Regan, B.C.: Cambridge Colour Test. Handbook. Cambridge Research Systems Ltd. (2000). http://www.crsltd.com/tools-for-vision-science/measuring-visual-functions/cambridge-colour-test/
  14. 14.
    Paramei, G.V., Oakley, B.: Variation of color discrimination across the life span. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, A375–A384 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Feitosa-Santana, C., Paramei, G.V., Nishi, M., Gualtieri, M., Costa, M.F., Ventura, D.F.: Color vision impairment in type 2 diabetes assessed by the D-15d test and the Cambridge Colour Test. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 30, 717–723 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLiverpool Hope UniversityLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.School of PsychologyMassey UniversityPalmerston, NorthNew Zealand