Richter was born on August 7, 1905, in Dresden, Germany, where he studied technical physics under Robert Luther at the Technical University from 1924 to 1933. The subject of his doctoral dissertation was Goethe’s Farbenlehre as related to scientific problems.  In 1927, as an assistant in the department of color research of the German Institute of Textile Research and following Helmholtz’ assistant Arthur König, he developed an international bibliography of publications in color science, an effort he continued until the mid-1950s . In 1934, he began work in the laboratories of the lamp manufacturer OSRAM in Berlin. In 1943, he transitioned to the Materialprüfungsanstalt (Office for testing of materials), later named Bundesanstalt für Materialprüfung (BAM), where he remained until 1962 and where he organized a color research laboratory. In 1941, he was asked by Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN, German institution for industrial standards) to develop a standard color system and atlas, an effort that kept him occupied for an extended period of time. It is known as DIN6164 today. He was also a professor at the Institut für Lichttechnik (Institute for lighting technology) of the Berlin Technical University. In 1949, he was a founding member of the Fachnormenausschuss Farbe (FNF, Color standards committee). He was a leading member of Deutsche farbwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft (DfwG, German society for color science, founded in 1974) and a founding member of the journal Die Farbe (1951–2003). He was a member of the directorial board of the International Association of Colour (AIC) and active in several research committees of the International Association of Illumination (CIE). His passing on April 20, 1990, was the result of a traffic accident.
Publications: In 1940 Richter published a book on color science, with the cooperation of I. Schmidt and A. Dresler, that presented the subject in at that time likely the most comprehensive and detailed form.  Given the Second World War it was never translated into English. In 1976, he published Einführung in die Farbmetrik (Introduction to color metrics) .
- 1.Richter, M.: Das Schrifttum über Goethes Farbenlehre, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der naturwissenschaftlichen Probleme. Pfau, Berlin (1938)Google Scholar
- 2.Richter, M.: Internationale Bibliographie der Farbenlehre und ihrer Grenzgebiete, 2 vols, Musterschmidt, Göttingen (1940–1949 and 1950–1954)Google Scholar
- 4.Richter, M. (with collaboration of I. Schmidt and A. Dresler). Grundriss der Farbenlehre der Gegenwart (Basics of the color science of the present). Steinkopff, Dresden (1940)Google Scholar