Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Color Harmony

  • Antal NemcsicsEmail author
  • Zena O’ConnorEmail author
  • Renata PompasEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_239



A sense of accord and balance among colors in a visual composition or design, resulting in a positive affective response and/or cognitive judgment about color combination.

Color Harmony Theories

Many theories about color harmony have evolved since antiquity across different fields including art, design, psychology, and physics. Each of these has a different focus, and hence there is little consensus in terms of defining and describing the construct “color harmony.” Most theories about color harmony are highly prescriptive, and this is their weakness – they assume that responses to color are deterministic, uniform, universal, and fixed irrespective of context rather than idiographic, less deterministic, and open to the influence of factors relating to culture and context.

The problem of color harmony has long been regarded as an esoteric matter for the artist. But since the advent of interdisciplinary research on colors, color...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Architecture, Design and PlanningUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.MilanItaly