Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo


  • Akiyoshi Kitaoka
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_210



Chromostereopsis refers to a phenomenon of binocular stereopsis that depends on binocular disparity due to the difference in color [1, 2, 3, 4]. For example, red and blue on the same surface can appear to lie in different depth planes.


When the background is black (Fig. 1), the majority of observers see red objects closer to them than blue ones (red-in-front-of-blue observers), while a minority of observers see the reversal (blue-in-front-of-red observers) and the rest do not experience the phenomenon. On the other hand, when the background is white (Fig. 2), the perceived depth order is reversed, and the effect is weaker than when the background is black.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRitsumeikan UniversityKyotoJapan