Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Pigment, Ceramic

  • Guillermo Monros
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_181


 Colorant;  Dye;  Paint;  Stain;  Tint


A ceramic pigment is usually a metal transition complex oxide obtained by a calcination process which shows three main characteristics: (a) thermal stability, maintaining its identity when temperature increases; (b) chemical stability, maintaining its identity when fired with glazes or ceramic matrices; and (c) high tinting strength when dispersed and fired with glazes or ceramic matrices. Other characteristics as high dispensability in vehicles, high refractive index (in order to avoid transparency and to increase its tinting strength), acid and alkali resistance, and low abrasive strength are also suitable.

The main coloring methods of ceramics are based on dyes or pigments. Strictly a dye or soluble colorant is a colored substance that interacts with the matrix to which it is applied and usually is soluble in the media of application called matrix or substrate. Conversely, ideally a pigment or stain is a colored substance...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.



Authors acknowledge the financial support given by FUNDACION CAJA CASTELLÓN-UJI, P1-1B2010-09 project.


  1. 1.
    (a) Monrós, G., Badenes, J.A., García, A., Tena, M.A.: El color de la Cerámica. Nuevos mecanismos en pigmentos para los nuevos procesados de la industria cerámica, pp. 146–179. Edited by Universitat Jaume I, ISBN 84-8021-449-X (2003). (b) R. A. Eppler Selecting Ceramic Pigments. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 66(11), 1600–1604 (1987) (c) Bucher, W., Schliebs, R., Winter, G., Buchelin, K.H.: In: Industrial Inorganic Chemistry, VCH, Berlin (1989)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    (a) CPMA: Classification and chemical description of the complex inorganic color pigments, 4th edn. Dry Color Manufacturers Association, Alexandria (2010) (b) DCMA: Safe Handling of Color Pigments, Color Pigments Manufacturers Association Inc., 300 North Washington Street, Suite 102, Alexandria (1993)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seabright, C.A.: Ceramic Pigments, US Patent., 2, 407-441 (1948)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    (a) Monrós, G.: Soluciones sólidas V-ZrSiO4, Tesis Doctoral, Universidad de Valencia (1991) (b) Lahuerta, J.: Colorantes Cerámicos Rojos Basados en Fe2O3, Tesis Doctoral, Universidad de Valencia (1993)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    (a) Badenes, J.: Estudio de los sistemas Pr-ZrSiO4 y Pr-ZrO2, Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Jaume I de Castellón (2000) (b) Calbo, J.: Desarrollo de ecopigmentos negros de espinela dopada alternativos a los ferritos tradicionales mediante presión y procesados sol-gel, Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Jaume I de Castelló (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hopper, R.: The Ceramic Spectrum, 2nd ed. Chilton Book Co, ISBN 978-1-57498-302-9, Radnor, Penna (1984)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Garcia, A.: Pigmentos cerámicos CMYK de base nanoestructurada obtenidos por sonocoprecipitación y ruta poliol, Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Jaume I de Castelló (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    García, A., Llusar, M., Sorli, S., Tena, M.A., Calbo, J., Monrós, G.: Eu3+-Nd2O3 blue pigmenting solid solutions. Brit. Ceram. Trans. 101, 242–246 (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gargori, C., Galindo, R., Cerro, S., García, A., Llusar, M., Monrós, G.: Synthesis of a new CaxY2−xVxSn2−xO7 yellow pigment. Phys. Procedia. 8, 84–87 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Subramanian, M.A., Aravamudan, G., Subba Rao, G.V.: Oxide pyrochlores: a review. Prog. Solid State Chem. 15, 55–143 (1983)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ishida, S., Ren, F., Takeuchi, N.: New yellow ceramic pigment based on codoping pyrochlore-type Y2Ti2O7 with V5+ and Ca2+. J Am Ceram. Soc. 76(10), 2644–2648 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    García, A., Llusar, M., Calbo, J., Tena, M.A., Monrós, G.: Low toxicity red ceramic pigments for porcelanised stoneware from lanthanide-cerianite solid solutions. Green Chem. 3, 238–242 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Química Inorgánica y OrgánicaUniversitat Jaume I, Edifici Científico-TècnicCastellóSpain