Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Pigment, Ceramic

  • Guillermo Monros
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_181

Synonyms

 Colorant;  Dye;  Paint;  Stain;  Tint

Definition

A ceramic pigment is usually a metal transition complex oxide obtained by a calcination process which shows three main characteristics: (a) thermal stability, maintaining its identity when temperature increases; (b) chemical stability, maintaining its identity when fired with glazes or ceramic matrices; and (c) high tinting strength when dispersed and fired with glazes or ceramic matrices. Other characteristics as high dispensability in vehicles, high refractive index (in order to avoid transparency and to increase its tinting strength), acid and alkali resistance, and low abrasive strength are also suitable.

The main coloring methods of ceramics are based on dyes or pigments. Strictly a dye or soluble colorant is a colored substance that interacts with the matrix to which it is applied and usually is soluble in the media of application called matrix or substrate. Conversely, ideally a pigment or stain is a colored substance...
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Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors acknowledge the financial support given by FUNDACION CAJA CASTELLÓN-UJI, P1-1B2010-09 project.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Química Inorgánica y OrgánicaUniversitat Jaume I, Edifici Científico-TècnicCastellóSpain