Inorganic pigments, which have been widely used since prehistoric times, include naturally occurring substances prepared from minerals or their combustion products as well as synthetic compounds produced from appropriate raw materials and also hybrid pigment types derived from organic dyes and selected mineral supports. Inorganic pigments are insoluble in the surrounding medium and their optical effect arises from selective light absorption. They are classified according to their color, origin, method of production, and the character of the pigment material. Inorganic pigment technology is directly related to the development of new synthesis methods and the preparation of environmentally friendly colorants.
This entry presents the main features of the classification and production of the most common inorganic pigments. The most important physicochemical and application properties of a wide range of pigments, including white...
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