Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Colorant, Environmental Aspects

  • Harold Freeman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_151



The environmental characteristics of colorants (dyes and pigments) encompass topics pertaining to the impact of such compounds on human health and the environment. Regarding human health, the concern is the potential for colorants to exhibit genotoxicity, namely, to cause adverse interactions between DNA and various compounds that produce a hereditable change in the cell or organism. Hereditable changes in humans include birth defects, carcinogenesis, teratogenesis, and other types of diseases. Mutations caused by molecular interactions with DNA are generally viewed as the first events in the onset of carcinogenesis. Consequently, screening methods have been developed to determine the mutagenic potential of colorants. Such tests include in vitro methods that use microorganisms (e.g., bacteria) or isolated tissues as substitutes for whole animal (in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fiber and Polymer Science ProgramNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA