Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

High- and Low-Pressure Sodium Lamp

  • Wout van Bommel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_143

Synonyms

Definition

Lamp that produces light as a result of an electrical discharge, generated between two electrodes, in a sodium vapor that is contained in a transparent bulb.

Sodium Gas Discharge Lamps

Sodium gas discharge lamps can be distinguished in two main groups: low-pressure sodium lamps in which the gas pressure is very low (0.7 Pa or 7.10−6 atm) and high-pressure sodium lamps in which the gas pressure is a factor 10,000–100,000 times higher (10–100 kPa); [2, 3, 4]. Because their construction and performance is in many ways different, they are dealt with in two different sections of this entry.

Low-Pressure Sodium Lamps

Low-pressure sodium lamps belong to the group of high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps, because they are available in high-light output (and thus high-luminous-intensity) versions. All low-pressure gas discharge lamps have in common the fact that they are long. Low-pressure sodium lamps are highly efficient lamps with a good...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Van Bommel, W.J.M., Rouhana, A.: Lighting Hardware: Lamps, Gear, Luminaires, Controls. Course book, Philips Lighting, Eindhoven (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Coaton, J.R., Marsden, A.M.: Lamps and Lighting, 4th edn. Arnold, London (1997)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    DiLaura, D.L., Houser, K., Mistrick, R., Steffy, G.: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, IESNA,New York, 10th edn (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    De Groot, J., Van Vliet, J.: The High-Pressure Sodium Lamp. Kluwer Technische Boeken, Deventer/Antwerpen (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NuenenThe Netherlands