Extreme Environmental Events

2011 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers (Editor-in-Chief)

Volcanic Hazards and Early Warning

  • Robert I. Tilling
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7695-6_58

Article Outline


Definition of the Subject


Scope of Problem: Challenge for Emergency–Management Authorities

Variability in Possible Outcomes of Volcano Unrest

Some Recent Examples of Actual Outcomes of Volcano Unrest

Challenges in Achieving Refined Predictive Capability

Future Directions




False Alarm Volcanic System Eruptive History Major Eruption Volcano Monitoring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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This article has benefited from constructive reviews and helpful suggestions by L. J. Patrick Muffler and Fred Klein (both of the US Geological Survey, Menlo Park) on an earlier draft. To them, I offer them my sincere thanks. The views expressed in this article have been shaped by my personal involvement in responses to several of the volcanic crises in recent decades, and by enlightening and instructive interactions and discussions with many colleagues in the global volcanological community.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert I. Tilling
    • 1
  1. 1.Volcano Hazards TeamUS Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA