Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Graphene (or Reduced Graphite Oxide Nanosheets)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_507

Introduction and Background

As a nanoscopic two-dimensional crystallite with an ultimate thickness of one sp2-bonded carbon, graphene has attracted great interest from many researchers as the newest item in the nanocarbon family. The high theoretical surface area and good electronic conductivity of graphene have allowed this new material to be projected as a potential electrode material for many applications. Graphene has been known for a while; the term “graphene layer” was first proposed in 1986 as the name for a single carbon layer occurring in graphite intercalation compounds [1, 2]. It can be regarded as the final member of fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with infinite size. Thus, a freestanding slice of graphene will be composed of all surface atoms, with a theoretical surface area of 2,630 m2 g−1. Ever since graphene was first experimentally isolated in 2004 by micromechanical cleavage of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite with scotch tape [3], researchers have excitedly...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Textile Science and TechnologyShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan