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Synonyms

Antivirus; Virus scanner

Related Concepts

Dynamic Analysis; Intrusion Detection; Static Analysis

Definition

Malware is malicious software that was intentionally developed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without consent of the owner. This includes, among others, viruses, worms, and Trojan horses. Malware detection refers to the process of detecting the presence of malware on a host system or of distinguishing whether a specific program is malicious or benign.

Background

Malware is one of the most serious security threats and spreads autonomously through vulnerabilities or carelessness of users. In order to protect a computer from infection or remove malware from a compromised computer system, it is essential to accurately detect malware. As a consequence of Rice’s Theorem (and shown by Cohen for the case of computer viruses [1]), determining whether a given program contains malicious functionality is generally undecidable. Thus, malware detection focuses on practical...

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Recommended Reading

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Katzenbeisser, S., Kinder, J., Veith, H. (2011). Malware Detection. In: van Tilborg, H.C.A., Jajodia, S. (eds) Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5906-5_838

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