Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Kristin L. Hicks
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_822

Zionism, a term derived from Zion, a biblical word for Jerusalem, is based on the ancient nationalist attachment of the Jewish people to Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel). As an ideology, Zionism holds that the Jewish people are a nation and should gather together in a single homeland. The first use of the term is attributed to Nathan Birnbaum, Austrian journalist and founder of the first Zionist student association in Vienna. Birnbaum coined the term in response to growing anti-Semitism directed at Jews in the late nineteenth century. Zionism was formally introduced as a nationalist movement by Theodor Herzl in 1897 at the first meeting of the Zionist Congress. Within the framework of a political organization, Zionists developed a plan to extend nationalist sentiment throughout the world’s Jewish population and promote Jewish development in Palestine.

The emergence of Zionism in the late nineteenth century can be understood only in the broader context of European and Jewish history....

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Suggested Readings

  1. Engel, D. (2009). Zionism. New York: Pearson & Longman.Google Scholar
  2. Ha-Am, A. (1922). Ten essays on Zionism and Judaism. London: George Routlege & Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Laqueur, W. (1972). A history of Zionism. United States: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
  4. Rotenstreich, N. (2007). Zionism: Past and present. New York: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Academic guide to Jewish history: Major print and internet scholarly resources. Compiled by University of Toronto Libraries. http://link.library.utoronto.ca/jewishhistory/index.cfm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin L. Hicks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMount Carmel Health ProvidersColumbusUSA