Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Oana C. Stîngă
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_668

Romania is an East European country, with a total surface of 237,500 km2 and a population of 21,680,974 inhabitants according to the 2002 census. The capital of Romania is Bucharest. Romania is bordered by Ukraine and Republic of Moldavia to the North-East, Bulgaria to the South, Hungary to the North-West, and Serbia to the South-West.

Before 1989, Romania was under a communist regime. Ceauşescu’s dictatorship isolated Romania not only politically and culturally, but also economically. In the 1980s, the Romanian borders were strictly controlled. During the communist regime those who had the opportunity to leave the country immigrated mostly to Germany, Hungary, and Israel. The poor living conditions during communism caused the population to revolt against the regime in 1989. In December 1989, the communist regime collapsed and a democratic regime has been established and the gate to individual freedom was widely opened. The initial happiness of the Romanian population of being free,...

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Suggested Resources

  1. Belgian Federal Public Service Employment, Labor and Social Dialogue. http://www.emploi.belgique.be/defaultNews.aspx?id=21616. Accessed May 17, 2011.
  2. Migration Policy Institute. (2009). http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/MPI-BBCreport-Sept09.pdf. Accessed May 17, 2011.
  3. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/searchResult/0,3400,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html. Accessed May 17, 2011.
  4. Romania – Ministry of External Affairs. http://www.mae.ro/index.php?unde=doc&id=37834&idlnk=2&cat=4. Accessed May 17, 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oana C. Stîngă
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”IasiRomania