Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Risk Perception

  • Oana C. Stîngă
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_664

“Risk” is a term used to define a situation that might have an undesirable outcome and that we would likely prefer to avoid. The same term can be associated with others like: peril, threat, harm, injury, jeopardy, and unsafe. We can talk about financial risks, health risks, and life threatening risks. In order to quantify “the risk” we confer levels such as minimal risk or increased risk to describe the intensity of the real danger someone is, or might be in. A risk can be described as being foreseeable or unforeseeable, avoidable or imminent; it can be minimized or uncontrolled due to various unpredictable factors. It also can be exacerbated by the concurrence of other threatening factors.

Risk perception differs with age, culture, state of mind, awareness, consciousness, culture, and many other variable elements that can be involved in making individual level assessments of a situation. In general, people will perceive a risk and take measures to avoid increasing its level. We can...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Coleman, C. H., Menikoff, J. A., Goldner, J. A., & Dubler, N. N. (2005). The ethics and regulation of research with human subjects. Albany: LexisNexis.Google Scholar
  2. Weijer, C. (2000). The ethical analysis of risk. The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 28(4), 344–361.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. US Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP). (1993). Basic IRB review. In Institutional review board guidebook. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/archive/irb/irb_chapter3.htm. Accessed May 17, 2011

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oana C. Stîngă
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”IasiRomania