Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Refugee Status

  • Ken Crane
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_650

War, communal conflict, and persecution based on religious, ethnic, or political affiliation are the primary reasons that over 10 million people are considered to be refugees by the United Nations. According to both United Nations protocols and US immigration laws, the generally accepted definition of a “refugee” is a person who has fled across international borders because of a well-founded fear of being persecuted “for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.” The UN Refugee Protocol of 1951 mandates the global community to give protection for those with a “well-founded fear of persecution” in their home country. Nevertheless, despite clear protections promised by widely accepted international law, refugees are frequently subjected to the vagaries of political self-interest. The reason for this is that refugees are an indicator that a state allows, either intentionally or unwillingly, the persecution of part of its...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Gold, S. J. (1992). Refugee communities: A comparative field study. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (2006). Immigrant America: A portrait (3rd ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Bosch, C., & Domènech, J. M. (2002). Balseros (Cuban Rafters) [DVD]. Bausan Films.Google Scholar
  2. Dillon Quinn, C. (2006). God grew tired of us: The story of lost boys of Sudan [DVD]. Lost Boys of Sudan, USA.Google Scholar
  3. International Rescue Committee. (2008). Five years later the hidden crisis: Report of the IRC commission on Iraqi refugees. United Nations High Commission for Refugees. (USCIS) U.S. refugee admissions program, year of publication 2011. Retrieved from www.UNHCR.org
  4. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (2011). U.S.refugee admissions program. Retrieved March 25, 2011, from www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis
  5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics. (2009). Yearbook of immigration statistics for 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010, from www.dhs.gov/files/statistics/publications/yearbook.shtm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Crane
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of History, Politics, SocietyLa Sierra UniversityRiversideUSA