Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Refugee Camp

  • Katherine Crow
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_646

A refugee camp is a temporary shelter built to house people who have fled their homes due to conflict or natural disaster. Refugee camps are run by governments, the United Nations, international organizations, or nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Most people who live in the camps are refugees who have fled their home country but can also be Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs); refugees and IDPs are civilians displaced by persecution, war, or violence. Approximately 67 million people have been forced to leave their homes due to conflict or natural disaster: 16 million are refugees and 51 million are IDPs.

When people flee their homes, they are usually forced to leave behind their belongings. The government or humanitarian agency running the refugee camp provides refugees with clean water, food, and basic health care, but depending on the location of the camp and the political climate of the country in which the camp is located, it may take weeks for the camp inhabitants to receive...

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Suggested Resources

  1. American Refugee Committee International. (n.d.). The global refugee crisis. Retrieved May 10, 2010, from http://www.arcrelief.org/site/PageServer
  2. CBC News. (2007, June 19). Anatomy of a refugee camp. Retrieved May 10, 2010, from http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/refugeecamp/index.html
  3. Schapp, Y. (2008, December 9). Refugee camps worldwide. Retrieved April 25, 2010, from http://www.millionsoulsaware.org

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine Crow
    • 1
  1. 1.WebMD Health FoundationRancho Santa FeUSA