Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Keren Mazuz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_483

A dynamic range of practices, shaped by an aggregate of factors, most important of which are government migration laws and policy, labor market conditions and the politics of otherness in the host society. The marginalization sustained by migrant workers potentially embraces all aspects of their lives. Marginalization is enacted by classifying, sorting, and regrouping migrant workers through two simultaneous and interrelated practices of bureaucratic categorization and socio-geographic segregation.

Bureaucratic Categorization

Migrant or foreign workers are divided into sharply defined bureaucratic categories of legal workers and illegal aliens. These categories are constructed and reified by host government migration laws and policies. Legality and illegality are juridical statuses in relation to the host state. The boundaries of these statuses determine the ease with which the migrant worker moves between the two, as well as limit his/her socioeconomic mobility. Foreign workers become...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Calavita, K. (1998). Immigration, law and marginalization in a global economy: notes from Spain. Law & Society Review, 32(3), 529–566.Google Scholar
  2. Cheng, S. J. A. (2003). Rethinking the globalization of domestic service: foreign domestics, state control and the politics of identity in Taiwan. Gender & Society, 17(2), 166–186.Google Scholar
  3. Chin, C. (1998). In service and servitude. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  4. De Genova, N. (2003). Working the boundaries: race, space, and “illegality” in Mexican Chicago. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Parreñas, R. S. (2001). Servants of globalization: women, migration and domestic work. Menlo Park: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. For information on international labor standards and health. http://www.ilo.org/Search3/search.do. Accessed June 15, 2011.
  2. For information on displaced populations and marginalization. http://www.msf.org/msf/en/search.cfm. Accessed June 15, 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keren Mazuz
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of the Sociology and AnthropologyThe Hebrew UniversityMount ScopusIsrael