Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

2013 Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Normal Language Development

  • Megan LyonsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_995



Normal language development involves the acquisition of the rules for producing and understanding the sounds, words, sentences, and conventions for their socially appropriate use in the speech community in which a child is living. Language acquisition is a uniquely human capacity. Although there are many forms of animal communication, these do not show the grammatical generativity or cultural transmission characteristic of human languages (Tomasello, 2008). Milestones of communication acquisition, such as first words by 12 months, word combinations by 24 months, and sentences by 36 months, are often used to monitor language growth in children and help parents and professionals determine whether a child is showing signs of falling behind and needing intervention. “Communicative competence,” the ability to use language in an age-appropriate way to accomplish social goals, depends on the acquisition of skills in each of three...

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References and Readings

  1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1997–2010). How does your child hear and talk? In www.ASHA.org. Retrieved October 28, 2010, from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/chart.htm
  2. Bloom, L., & Lahey, M. (1978). Language development and disorders. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  3. Tomasello, M. (2008). Origins of human communication. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Developmental Communication DisordersYale Child Study CenterNew HavenUSA