Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

2013 Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NLD)

  • Eugenia CorbettEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_799


Short Description or Definition

Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is defined as a subtype of learning disability characterized by a group of neuropsychological, academic, and social-emotional traits that reflect impairments in nonverbal processing and reasoning. Individuals with NLD typically show deficits in visual processing, arithmetic computation, and nonverbal problem solving, whereas they exhibit strengths in rote verbal abilities (Little, 1993). Onset of this disorder’s symptoms may easily be overlooked in young children later diagnosed with NLD. This is because in the preschool years, they seem to exhibit average to advanced skills in verbal expression and vocabulary development. Young children with this disorder may actually be told “You talk too much” (Thompson, 1996). It is often not until challenges in academic skills are identified that the process of differential diagnosis begins....

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Franklin County Home HealthSt. AlbansUSA