Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

2013 Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Perception

  • Laurent Mottron
  • Isabelle Soulières
  • Michelle Dawson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_648

Definition

Perception includes the selection, organization, and interpretation of external information coming from the senses up to a complete representation of a stimulus. The extraction of elementary features within primary cortical receiving areas in each sensory modality is called low-level perception. It is domain general such that the same mechanisms are involved in processing social and nonsocial information. At a higher level of integration, there is pattern construction in which elementary features (e.g., of visual or auditory stimuli) are grouped into basic configurations. Visual motion perception depends on information integrated at various levels of the processing hierarchy: first-order motion is perceived in primary areas, while second-order motion requires a network of associative regions. High-level perception involves the matching of constructed configurations with memorized templates as the hierarchy of perceptual processing becomes gradually more domain specific. In...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent Mottron
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabelle Soulières
    • 3
    • 4
  • Michelle Dawson
    • 3
  1. 1.Center of Excellence in Pervasive Developmental Disorders of University of MontrealQCCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryRiviere-des-Prairies Hospital, University of MontrealMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Centre d’excellence en troubles envahissants du développement de l’université de MontréalHôpital Rivière-des-PrairiesMontréalCanada
  4. 4.Centre d’excellence en troubles envahissants du développement de l’université de MontréalHôpital Rivière-Des-PrairiesMontréalCanada