Maladaptive behavior is defined as behavior that interferes with an individual’s activities of daily living or ability to adjust to and participate in particular settings.
Maladaptive behaviors lie along a spectrum from more minor, less impairing behaviors (i.e., nail biting, difficulty separating) to more severely impairing behaviors (i.e., self-injurious or over-sexualized behaviors) that seriously interfere with individuals’ ability to maintain relationships with others, learn, and/or engage in adaptive, age-appropriate activities and settings. Because of their impairing nature, maladaptive behaviors are often the target of interventions. Problem behaviors are often a concern for children with developmental disabilities; maladaptive behaviors commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders include self-injurious behaviors (e.g., headbanging), stereotypies, aggression, and temper tantrums.
Although maladaptive behavior is related to adaptive...
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References and Readings
Dominick, K. D., Davis, N. O., Lainhart, J., Tager-Fusberg, H., & Folstein, S. (2007). Atypical behaviors in children with autism and children with a history of language impairment. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 145–167.
Horner, R. H., Carr, E. G., Strain, P. S., Todd, A. W., & Reed, H. K. (2002). Problem behavior interventions for young children with autism: A research synthesis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 423–446.
Matson, J. L., & Nebel-Schwalm, M. (2007). Assessing challenging behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders: A review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28(6), 567–579.
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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York
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Gray, S.A.O. (2013). Maladaptive Behavior. In: Volkmar, F.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_239
Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY
Print ISBN: 978-1-4419-1697-6
Online ISBN: 978-1-4419-1698-3