Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

2013 Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Kanner, Leo

  • Adam Feinstein
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_1864

Major Appointments (Institution, Location, Dates)

Appointed Assistant Physician at the State Hospital in Yankton County, South Dakota, in 1924

Selected by Adolf Meyer and Edward Park in 1930 to develop the first child psychiatry service in a pediatric hospital at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore

Appointed Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins in 1933

Retired in 1959 and replaced as Chief of Child Psychiatry by Leon Eisenberg

Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions

Dr. Leo Kanner’s 1935 book, Child Psychiatry, won him international acclaim, but it was his 1943 paper, Autistic disturbances of affective contact, withits fine detailed clinical descriptions on what he called “early infantile autism” – which is still referenced by autism professionals around the world to this day, despite a number of deficiencies (in particular, Kanner’s startling insistence that the 11 children in his 1943 study had “normal cognitive potentiality”). Kanner considered five...

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References and Readings

  1. Eisenberg, L. (1956). The autistic child in adolescence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 112(8), 607–612.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Eisenberg, L. (1957). The fathers of autistic children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 27, 715–724.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Feinstein, A. (2010). A history of autism: Conversations with the pioneers. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kanner, L. (1935). Child psychiatry. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kanner, L. (1941). In defence of mothers. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas Publishing.Google Scholar
  6. Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.Google Scholar
  7. Kanner, L. (1949). Problems of nosology and psychodynamics in early childhood autism. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 19(3), 416–426.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kanner, L. (1954). General concept of schizophrenia at different ages. Proceedings of the Association for Research into Nervous and Mental Diseases, 33, 451–453.Google Scholar
  9. Kanner, L. (1965). Infantile autism and the schizophrenias. Behavioural Science, 10(4), 412–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kanner, L. (1971). Follow-up study of eleven autistic children originally reported in 1943. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1(2), 119–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kanner, L. (1972). How far can autistic children go in matters of social adaptation? Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 2(1), 9–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanner, L. (1973). Childhood psychosis: Initial studies and new insights. Washington, DC: Winston.Google Scholar
  13. Kanner, L., & Eisenberg, L. (1956). Early infantile autism, 1943–55. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 26(3), 556–566.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Autism Cymru and Looking UpLondonUK