Interests, Circumscribed/All Absorbing
Circumscribed interests (also labeled special or particular interests) are included in the diagnosis of autism within the general area of restricted interests and repetitive behaviors (RIRBs). For example, sign 3a in the DSM-IV describes “encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus.” Unusually focused, intense, and persistent interests in autism may feature the amassing of large quantities of information and resistance to any diversion from their pursuit (Boyd, Conroy, Richmond-Mancil, Nakao, & Alter, 2007). Importantly, circumscribed interests in autism are associated with positive emotions and the potential for great satisfaction, thus contrasting with obsessions and compulsions, which are dreaded and troubling (Klin, Danovitch, Merz, & Volkmar, 2007).
Pinpointing the concept of circumscribed interests and distinguishing it from related signs included in the general RIRB area is...
References and Readings
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