Section 504 is a regulation of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that extends civil rights to individuals with disabilities. Enforced by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) within the US Department of Health and Human Services, Section 504 states that “No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States … shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance…” (29 U.S.C. § 794(a)). Section 504 applies to any organization receiving federal funding; thus, it has important implications for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their participation in various educational, recreational, community, and employment settings.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and its prohibition of discrimination based on race, color, or national origin was a catalyst for the development of...
References and Readings
- Kim, Y. S., Leventhal, B., Koh, Y. J., Fombonne, E., Laska, E., et al. (2011). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in a total population sample. AJP in Advance. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp. 2011.10101532.Google Scholar
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 504 (34 C.F.R. Part 104), 93rd Congress, H. R. 8070.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights. (2010). Free Appropriate Public Education for Students With Disabilities: Requirements Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (June 2006). Your rights under the Section 504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act. In Office for Civil Rights Fact Sheet. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/resources/factsheets/504.pdf.
- Wright, P. & Wright, P. (March 2, 2008). Key differences between Section 504, the ADA, and the IDEA. In Wrightslaw.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from http://wrightslaw.com/.
- Yell, M. L. (2006). The Law and Special Education (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson, NJ.Google Scholar