Encyclopedia of Adolescence

2011 Edition
| Editors: Roger J. R. Levesque


  • Roger J. R. LevesqueEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_618

Transsexualism involves adopting the role of the opposite sex. The adoption of that role can vary; at one side of the spectrum, it can include the wish to be considered a member of the opposite sex while, at the other end of the spectrum, it can include hormonal and surgical treatment aimed at acquiring the characteristics of the opposite sex. Transsexualism also can refer to the process of undergoing a sex change, with a person who has undergone that change generally known as a transsexual. Research relating to transsexualism during the adolescent period has focused on gender identity disorders (see Zucker 2004, 2005). This approach, however, has garnered considerable controversy regarding the appropriateness of applying the diagnosis to children and adolescents (see Hill et al. 2005). The term transsexual is to be distinguished from transgender in that transgender refers to a sense that one’s gender identity does not match one’s assigned sex and it may include overlapping...

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  1. Hill, D. B., Rozanski, C., Carfagnini, J., & Willoughby, B. (2005). Gender identity disorders in childhood and adolescence: A critical inquiry. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 17, 7–34.Google Scholar
  2. Zucker, K. J. (2004). Gender identity development and issues. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13, 551–568.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Zucker, K. J. (2005). Gender identity disorder in children and adolescents. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 467–492.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA