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Intelligence

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Intelligence is an umbrella term used to describe many facets of human knowledge, including sensory, perceptual, associative, and relational concepts. Researchers typically approach intelligence in one of two ways: as a general construct, such as the ability to understand a concept or the ability to plan and effectively execute structured behavior leading to goals, or as a construct constituted of specific components, such as theories that conceptualize intelligence as various aspects contributing to an individual’s ability to adapt, select, and shape their environment. Indeed, theories of intelligence generally can be divided into two types: psychometric and cognitive. While psychometric theories utilize quantitative approaches, cognitive theories utilize both quantitative and qualitative methods to understand and assess intelligence. These different approaches and theories are part of the very rich history of efforts to measure psychological phenomena, and they also happen to be...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_502
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Correspondence to Roger J. R. Levesque .

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Levesque, R.J.R. (2011). Intelligence. In: Levesque, R.J.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_502

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