Skip to main content

Addiction

  • 351 Accesses

Addiction is a behavioral disorder marked by a physical or psychological dependency that results in significant negative disruptions in an individual’s quality of life. Formally, addictions relate to drug (including alcohol) use, although the term often is used colloquially to include apparent compulsive behavior and dedication to activities. The important sign of addiction is the continued engagement in self-destructive behavior despite negative consequences. Addiction’s self-destructive behaviors involve a loss of control, compulsive seeking, and vulnerability to relapse. Importantly, dependency and addiction are often used interchangeably, but dependency actually relates to physiological effects while addiction relates to behaviors; and both often coexist although they need not do so. Ceasing to use depended on drugs typically (but not always) leads to withdrawal and produces an abstinence syndrome.

Although traditionally limited to drug use, the term has been the subject of...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_486
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   2,050.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4419-1695-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout

References

  • Albrecht, U., Kirschner, N. E., & Grüsser, S. M. (2007). Diagnostic instruments for behavioral addiction: An overview. GMS Psycho-Social Medicine, 4, 1–11.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cao, J., Lotfipour, S., Loughlin, S. E., & Leslie, F. M. (2007). Adolescent maturation of cocaine-sensitive neural mechanisms. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32, 2279–2289.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Chóliz, M. (2010). Mobile phone addiction: A point of issue. Addiction, 105, 373–374.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Potenza, M. N. (2006). Should addictive disorders include non-substance-related conditions? Addiction, 101, 142–151.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Schramm-Sapyta, N. L., Walker, Q. D., Caster, J. M., Levin, E. D., & Kuhn, C. M. (2009). Are adolescents more vulnerable to drug addiction than adults? Evidence from animal models. Psychopharmacology, 206, 1–21.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Roger J. R. Levesque .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Levesque, R.J.R. (2011). Addiction. In: Levesque, R.J.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_486

Download citation