Encyclopedia of Adolescence

2011 Edition
| Editors: Roger J. R. Levesque

Temperament

  • Roger J. R. LevesqueEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_343

Adolescent development involves transition and potential for change. That potential, however, may be somewhat constrained by one’s temperament. Temperament emerges as a key factor in fostering stability and resisting change since it involves how individuals tend to react to situations, such as through their levels of excitability, responsivity, or arousability, and how they self-regulate that reactivity through their typical mental processes and behavioral responses. Much of the research dealing with temperament has involved young children and pre-teens (see Roberts and DelVecchio 2000). However, since temperament fundamentally involves how individuals experience and respond to situations, it clearly emerges as a factor relevant to adolescent adjustment and development. Recent research that does examine the place of temperament in adolescence and young adulthood supports the proposition that temperament can play a key role in adolescent development. Indeed, researchers now maintain...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA