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Intellectual Disability

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Overview

Intellectual disability refers to a disability manifesting as limitations in intellectual functioning (reasoning, planning, solving problems, thinking abstractly, comprehending complex ideas, learning quickly, and learning from experience) related to activity limitations, associated with participation restrictions across all life activity and human functioning domains and resulting from brain impairments or specific etiological factors. Current models of intellectual disability focus on examining the fit between a person’s capacities and the context in which that person lives, learns, works, or plays, and the provisions of supports to narrow the gap between a person’s capacities and the demands of the environment or context. Cognitive abilities that might be impacted by global brain impairments associated with intellectual disability include: (1) language, (2) reasoning, (3) memory and learning, (4) visual perception, (5) auditory reception, (6) idea production, (7) cognitive...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_221
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Correspondence to Michael L. Wehmeyer .

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Wehmeyer, M.L. (2011). Intellectual Disability. In: Levesque, R.J.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_221

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