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Abductive reasoning consists in applying norms underlying the generation of hypotheses.
Logic and reasoning are usually thought of in the realm of deductive reasoning which is concerned with preserving truth. A valid deductive argument is one for which true premises guarantee a true conclusion. Aristotle’s syllogisms are familiar examples of such arguments. All A are B and C is an A lead to the conclusion that C is a B. All men are mortal and Socrates is a man requires that Socrates is mortal.
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