Identification learning is a form of perceptual learning that refers to the ability to improve the identification or categorization of stimuli following a learning experience. Perceptual learning is a general term that refers to the improvement in performance on a variety of sensory tasks (e.g., detection, discrimination, identification) that occurs following practice. For example, in the auditory domain, the term identification learning can refer to the practice-dependent improvement in the identification of nonnative speech contrasts, or, in the visual domain, to performance gains in the identification of letters. Identification learning is a skill (i.e., procedural knowledge) and thus is slowly acquired in an implicit manner; it requires many repetitions, multiple practice sessions, and results in long-lasting gains (Karni 1996). The increased interest in identification learningstems from the fact that it has been shown to be a robust...
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