Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Identification Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_852

Synonyms

Definition

Identification learning is a form of perceptual learning that refers to the ability to improve the identification or categorization of stimuli following a learning experience. Perceptual learning is a general term that refers to the improvement in performance on a variety of sensory tasks (e.g., detection, discrimination, identification) that occurs following practice. For example, in the auditory domain, the term identification learning can refer to the practice-dependent improvement in the identification of nonnative speech contrasts, or, in the visual domain, to performance gains in the identification of letters. Identification learning is a skill (i.e., procedural knowledge) and thus is slowly acquired in an implicit manner; it requires many repetitions, multiple practice sessions, and results in long-lasting gains (Karni 1996). The increased interest in identification learningstems from the fact that it has been shown to be a robust...

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References

  1. Ari-Even Roth, D., Kishon-Rabin, L., Hildesheimer, M., & Karni, A. (2005). A latent consolidation phase in auditory identification learning: Time in the awake state is sufficient. Learning and Memory, 12(2), 159–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Harnad, S. (1990). Introduction: Psychophysical and cognitive aspects of categorical perception: A critical overview. In S. Harnad (Ed.), Categorical perception: The groundwork of cognition (pp. 1–25). New-York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Karni, A. (1996). The acquisition of perceptual and motor skills: A memory system in the adult human cortex. Brain Research Cognitive Brain Research, 5(1–2), 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Seger, C. A., & Miller, E. K. (2010). Category learning in the brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 33, 203–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Communication Disorders, The Stanley Steyer School of Health ProfessionsTel Aviv UniversityTel-HashomerIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Human Biology & The E.J. Safra Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning and Learning DisabilitiesUniversity of HaifaMt CarmelIsrael