Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Inhibition and Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_84

Synonyms

Definition

Learning is perhaps the most significant way in which organisms having a nervous system adapt their behavior to changes in the environment. The most common definitions of learning include, as features, that learning produces a relatively permanent change in behavior resulting from experience with certain stimuli or responses, and that the output of learning is not necessarily expressed in observable behavior (see, for example, Domjan 2003). Because of the complexity of the environment and the limits in processing capacity of organisms, the learning process can result in a new association between a stimulus (or a response) with a consequence or in an association between a stimulus (or a response) with the absence of a consequence. The first association results in the addition of new responses to the existing repertoire, and the second in the retention of responsesin...

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References

  1. Boakes, R. A. (1984). From Darwin to behaviourism: Psychology and the animal mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Domjan, M. (2003). Principles of learning and behavior (5th ed.). Belmont: Thomson/Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  3. Lubow, R. E., & Weiner, I. (2010). Latent inhibition: Cognition, neuroscience, and applications to schizophrenia. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes (trans: Anrep, G. V.). London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
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  6. Sechenov, I. M. (1965). Reflexes of the brain. Cambridge: MIT Press (Originally published, 1863 ed).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain