Inhibition and Learning
Learning is perhaps the most significant way in which organisms having a nervous system adapt their behavior to changes in the environment. The most common definitions of learning include, as features, that learning produces a relatively permanent change in behavior resulting from experience with certain stimuli or responses, and that the output of learning is not necessarily expressed in observable behavior (see, for example, Domjan 2003). Because of the complexity of the environment and the limits in processing capacity of organisms, the learning process can result in a new association between a stimulus (or a response) with a consequence or in an association between a stimulus (or a response) with the absence of a consequence. The first association results in the addition of new responses to the existing repertoire, and the second in the retention of responsesin...
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