Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Infant Learning and Development

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_803



Infant learning and development reflect interactions among many variables across a number of levels and time scales. All of the contributing interactions are bi-directional and nonlinear. Development occurs at multiple levels within an individual, from cellular, molecular, and neural changes to increases in perceptual, motor, cognitive, social, and emotional abilities, and all of these are impacted by changes in society, culture, and historical era. Development also operates over multiple time scales, meaning some changes occur in a millisecond, while others take days, years, or generations, and the changes that occur at each of these time scales constantly interact with the changes occurring at the other time scales.

Theoretical Background

The central question of how infants develop is quite old, with roots in ancient Greece and early British philosophy. From its inception, the question was asked as a dichotomy, now known as the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWhitman CollegeWalla WallaUSA