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Adaptive Learning Through Variation and Selection

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Synonyms

Trial-and-error learning

Definition

Adaptation through variation and selection is a process of creating diversity of solutions to some problem followed by selection of the proper one. In this paradigm, learning occurs by generation of tentative solutions and selection of the effective variant that is retained in memory.

Theoretical Background

The most powerful theory to explain numerous adaptations we observe in Nature is the theory of evolution. The basic mechanism in this theory is selection of heritable variations. Better adapted individuals have more offspring who inherit parental characters and in this way beneficial variations of the phenotype are spread and secured in the population. This principle of adaptation through variation and selection can be applied not only to evolving population but also to the learning of an individual organism.

In their interactions with an environment organisms repeatedly encounter problems. Adaptive learning is required to solve them....

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_672
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References

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Correspondence to Mikhail S. Burtsev .

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© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Burtsev, M.S. (2012). Adaptive Learning Through Variation and Selection. In: Seel, N.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_672

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