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Beliefs About Language Learning

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Synonyms

Assumptions; Epistemologies; Metacognitive knowledge; Perceptions; Suppositions

Definition

Defining a latent construct such as beliefs is always a challenge. The plethora of different definitions available highlight its complex and multifaceted nature. Scholars provide definitions that range from those reflecting theoretical approaches in cognitive psychology to those in line with socioconstructivist views. As a result, learner beliefs have been defined, inter alia, as cognitive constructs, implicit theories, personal epistemologies, folkloristic conceptions of learning, and “general assumptions that students hold about themselves as learners, about factors influencing language learning, and about the nature of language learning and teaching” (Victori and Lockhart 1995, p. 224).

Theoretical Background

In recent decades, learner beliefs have been situated predominantly within the study of epistemology. Epistemology deals with affairs of the intellect, and the deployment of...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_632
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References

  • Bernat, E. (2008). Beyond beliefs: Psycho-cognitive, sociocultural and emergent ecological approaches to learner perceptions in foreign language acquisition. Asian EFL Journal, 10(3), Article 1. Available from http://www.asian-efl-journal.com/September_08_eb.php

  • Cantwell, R. H. (1998). The development of beliefs about learning from mid-to-late adolescence. Educational Psychology, 18(1), 471–495.

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  • Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behaviour: An introduction to theory and research. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

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  • Goldman, A. I. (1986). Epistemology and cognition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

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  • Kalaja, P., & Barcelos, A. M. F. (Eds.). (2003). Beliefs about SLA: New research approaches. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

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  • Victori, M., & Lockhart, W. (1995). Enhancing metacognition in self-directed language learning. System, 23(2), 223–234.

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Correspondence to Eva Bernat .

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© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Bernat, E. (2012). Beliefs About Language Learning. In: Seel, N.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_632

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