Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Internalization

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_313

Synonyms

Definition

The term internalizationis used in various disciplines, such as the social sciences, the humanities, and even biology and economics, to designate the process of transformation (reflection, transition) of external events, processes, and appearances into internal ones. The concept of internalization has a long history, in the course of which it has changed its content and status many times. The internalization idea has been applied to fields such as psychoanalysis and sociological schools, genetic epistemology and cultural-historic theory, to name but a few. As it first appeared as a vivid metaphor and has attracted continuous attention from scholars for many decades, it is no wonder that different authors (including such prominent figures as Aronfreed 1968; Baldwin 1911; Bandura 1986; Freud 1937; Janet 1935; Piaget 1974; et al.) have suggested different meanings for the term....

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References

  1. Arievitsch, I., & Van der Veer, R. (1995). Furthering the internalization debate: Gal’perin contribution. Human Development, 36, 113–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Galperin, P. I. (1989). Organization of mental activity and effectiveness of learning. Journal of Soviet Psychology, 27(3), 65–82.Google Scholar
  3. Galperin, P. I. (1992). Stage-by-stage formation as a method of psychological investigation. Journal of Russian and East European Psychology, 30(4), 60–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Leontiev, A. N. (1981). Problems of the development of mind. Moscow: Progress.Google Scholar
  5. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  6. Wertsch, J. V. (1985). Vygotsky and the social formation of mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Developmental PsychologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia