The term internalizationis used in various disciplines, such as the social sciences, the humanities, and even biology and economics, to designate the process of transformation (reflection, transition) of external events, processes, and appearances into internal ones. The concept of internalization has a long history, in the course of which it has changed its content and status many times. The internalization idea has been applied to fields such as psychoanalysis and sociological schools, genetic epistemology and cultural-historic theory, to name but a few. As it first appeared as a vivid metaphor and has attracted continuous attention from scholars for many decades, it is no wonder that different authors (including such prominent figures as Aronfreed 1968; Baldwin 1911; Bandura 1986; Freud 1937; Janet 1935; Piaget 1974; et al.) have suggested different meanings for the term....
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