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Physiological Homeostasis and Learning

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Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning


Internal balance; La fixité du milieu intérieur or stability of the internal environment; Learning; Physiological equilibrium; Physiological regulation; Physiological steady state; Self-maintenance; Self-regulation


Physiological homeostasis is the tendency of the body to maintain critical physiological parameters (e.g., blood glucose level, blood salinity, blood pressure, core body temperature) of its internal environment within specific ranges of values. The word homeostasis comes from the Greek homoios (ὅμοιος), meaning “similar,” and histēmi (ἵστημι), meaning “standing still” – implying that the internal state is maintained not identically from one instance to the next but within a narrow range of critical values.

Theoretical Background

The concept of physiological homeostasis appears to have originated with the ancient Greeks, who believed that the body maintained a balance of four basic bodily fluids called humors: blood, phlegm, back bile, and yellow bile....

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Correspondence to Joseph J. Pear .

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© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Pear, J.J. (2012). Physiological Homeostasis and Learning. In: Seel, N.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, MA.

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