Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Individual Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_291

Synonyms

Definition

Individual learning is a process involving a change in agent’s behavior or knowledge. So it determines a difference between a first and a second moment. Agent can learn a new information, or find a new strategy or develop a different representation of a situation. It might be the result of experience, reflection, trial and error, imitation, formal teaching, and it might be conscious or tacit. The change may make the agent more adapted to its environment or more capable of performing a task or just even more conscious of some realities. In such cases, learning implies an improvement as it allows better performances and decisions, or understandings. Usually this expression is, in fact, used as a synonymous of individual improvement. Yet, more generally (and especially in Psychology) individual learning has to be meant as a simple change between two moments, like in the case in which it determines...

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References

  1. Bateson, G. (1972). Steps toward an ecology of mind. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  2. Chase, W. G., & Simon, H. A. (1973). Perception in chess. Cognitive Psychology, 4, 55–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Colvin, G. (2008). Talent is overrated: What really separates world-class performers from everybody else. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
  4. Novarese, M. (2008). Is bounded rationality a capacity, enabling learning?. Economics and Econometrics Research Institute research paper series, 12. http://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2009_12.html. Accessed 22 April 2011.
  5. Scitovsky, T. (1976). The joyless economy: The psychology of human satisfaction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Smith, A. (1776). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Cognitive Economics – Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche ed EconomicheUniversità del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo AvogadroAlessandriaItaly