Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Infant Learning and Memory

  • Rachel Barr
  • Carolyn Rovee-Collier
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1918



Learning and memory are intimately linked; tests of learning are, in fact, tests of memory. Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience. This definition excludes temporary behavioral changes due to arousal, fatigue, illness, medication, or biological rhythms as well as more permanent changes associated with aging, growth, or physiological intervention. Memory is the product of a series of processes that include the encoding, storage, and retrieval of the representation of an experience. For learning to occur, the representations of two discrete events must be associated, which occurs when they are simultaneously active in short-term memory (memory inlearning, associative memory). As long as the memory of the association remains active, it is vulnerable to modification, but once it enters long-term memory (an inactive state), it is relatively...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel Barr
    • 1
  • Carolyn Rovee-Collier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyRutgers UniversityPiscatawayUSA