Interactivity in Multimedia Learning
The literature on multimedia learning offers a number of definitions of interactivity, each emphasizing different aspects of the concept. This inconsistency is due in part to the fact that the term interactivity is used in a broad range of fields, including advertising, the arts, information systems, communication, marketing, and educational psychology. Across these fields, three main approaches can be distinguished: (1) interaction in human communication, stemming from a sociological tradition, (2) computer-mediated human communication, originating in mass communication approaches, and (3) human–computer interaction, derived from computer science but also applied in the field of educational technology and the learning sciences.
Definitions from these different perspectives agree that interactivity requires two fundamental conditions: (1) at least two participants must...
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