Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Informal Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_162

Synonyms

Definition

Any definition of “informal learning” is circumscribed necessarily by its close connection with the concept of formal learning. As the adjective “informal” suggests, informal learning is usually defined by those particular features that it lacks in relation to formal learning. The concept of formal learning usually includes three necessary features:
  1. 1.

    A specified curriculum

     
  2. 2.

    Taught by a designated teacher or group of teachers

     
  3. 3.

    With the learning attainments of individual learners being assessed and certified in some way

     
These basic requirements can be expanded into a fuller definition as follows:

Formal learning is that which takes place as intended within formally constituted educational institutions such as schools, colleges, universities, training centers, and so on. Typically it follows a prescribed framework whether or not actual attendance at the...

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References

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  6. Hager, P., & Halliday, J. (2006). Recovering informal learning: Wisdom, judgement and community. Dordrecht: Springer (Reissued as a paperback in 2009).Google Scholar
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  9. Wittgenstein, L. (1953). Philosophical investigations (1967, 3rd edn.). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Technology, SydneyBroadwayAustralia