Inclusive Teaching and Learning
Inclusive teaching and learning are instructional components of inclusion, a broad term that refers to education of students along a range of diversities in a common educational community. These diversities may include dimensions of gender, language, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and ability. Areas of focus for inclusion may vary according to demographic and social characteristics of a particular setting. Ainscow (1998) describes inclusion as a process of school improvement whereby stakeholders engage in an ongoing exploration of school systems in the pursuit of excellence for allstudents. Inclusive education is founded on the premise that all students are entitled to take part in all subjects and activities. To this end, inclusive educational settings seek to ensure that (1) instructional planning considers the needs of all students; (2) curricula promote understanding of and respect for diversity; (3) all...
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