Collective learning is a complex concept that is variously defined. It is generally conceptualized as a dynamic and cumulative process that results in the production of knowledge. Such knowledge is institutionalized in the form of structures, rules, routines, norms, discourse, and strategies that guide future action. Learning emerges because of interactive mechanisms where individual knowledge is shared, disseminated, diffused, and further developed through relational and belonging synergies. Collective learning can therefore be conceived as an evolutionary process of perfecting collective knowledge.
The concept of collective learning draws on a wide body of theory related to learning, organization theory, sociology, and psychology. It recognizes the role of social interactions in the construction of values and identity. Collective learning may result in a communal language, in which collective...
- Camagni, R. (1991). Local “milieu”, uncertainty and innovation networks: towards a new dynamic theory of economic space. In R. Camagni (Ed.), Innovation networks: spatial perspectives (pp. 121–42). London: Belhaven.Google Scholar
- Capello, R. (1999). Spatial transfer of knowledge in high technology milieux: learning versus collective learning processes. Regional Studies, 34(4), 353–365.Google Scholar
- Fu, W., Lo, H., & Drew, D. S. (2006). Collective learning, collective knowledge and learning networks in construction. Construction Management and Economics, 24, 1019–1028.Google Scholar
- Garavan, T. N., & McCarthy, A. (2008). Collective learning processes and human resource development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(4), 451–471.Google Scholar
- Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Simons, R. J., & Ruijters, M. (2001). Learning professionals: Towards an integrated model. Paper presented at the biannual conference of the European Association for Research on learning and instruction, Aug, 26 – Sept, Fribourg, Switzerland.Google Scholar