Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

2012 Edition
| Editors: Norbert M. Seel

Information Gathering and Internet Learning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1097

Synonyms

Definition

To gathering information and learning from different internet sources, one must be able to solve information-based problems. An information-based problem is a problem that only can be solved by searching information because there is a gap between prior knowledge and the required knowledge to accomplish the (learning) task successfully. Brand-Gruwel et al. (2005) introduced the notion of Information Problem Solving (IPS; see, also, Eisenberg and Berkowitz 1990) and defined IPS as the ability to solve information-based problems; one must be able to identify information needs and define the problem, to locate corresponding information sources, to extract and organize relevant information from each source, and to synthesize information from a variety of sources into cogent, productive uses.

Theoretical Background

With the rising use of electronic information resources in everyday life and for educational purposes, researchers...
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References

  1. Brand-Gruwel, S., & Gerjets, P. (Eds.). (2008). Instructional support for enhancing students’ information problem solving ability [special issue]. Computers in Human Behavior, 24(3).Google Scholar
  2. Brand-Gruwel, S., Wopereis, I., & Vermetten, Y. (2005). Information problem solving by experts and novices: analysis of a complex cognitive skill. Computers in Human Behaviour, 21, 487–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eisenberg, M. B., & Berkowitz, R. E. (1990). Information problem-solving: the big six skills approach to library and information skills instruction. Norwood: Ablex.Google Scholar
  4. Rouet, J. F. (2006). The skills of document use. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  5. Stadtler, M., & Brand-Gruwel, S. (Eds.). (in press). Solving information-based problems: searching, selecting and evaluating information [Special issue]. Learning and Instruction.Google Scholar
  6. Walraven, A., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2008). Information problem solving: A review of problems students encounter and instructional solutions. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 623–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Learning Sciences and TechnologiesOpen Universiteit NederlandDL HeerlenThe Netherlands