Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2013 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Michael C. Fu

Project Management

  • Mark Westcombe
  • Graham K. Rand
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1153-7_817

Project management means different things to different people. Traditionally the domain of engineering, it has concerned itself with managing anything from small construction developments to large complex systems integration projects in defense, aerospace and other industries. A comprehensive survey of the development of project management since the 1940s and the issues involved in accomplishing projects is available in The Management of Projects (Morris 1997). In this period, OR/MS almost exclusively focused on the technical aspects of conforming to a contract using the iron triangle paradigm of management: to deliver a project to a pre-defined specification, on time, with an efficient use of resources within budget and with attention to safety. It accepted the project focus as the activities associated with the project lifecycle: defining scope; the work breakdown of the project plan; scheduling these activities; estimating costs; allocating resources and monitoring and controlling...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management ScienceLancaster UniversityLancasterUK