Some of the important objectives of a manufacturing system are to produce in a timely manner products that conform to specifications, while minimizing costs. The strategic measures of performance of a manufacturing system are cost, quality, flexibility, and delivery. Often hundreds of products are produced by a facility, and the entire production process may span several facilities that are geographically dispersed. In many industries the production network consists of plants that are located in different countries.
Production management entails many decisions that are made at all levels of the managerial hierarchy. Manufacturing processes involve a large number of people in many different departments and organizations, and utilize a variety of resources. In addition to the quality of human resources employed, operational efficiency depends upon the location and capacity of the plants, choice of technology, organization of the production system, and planning and control...
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