Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_924



According to the World Report on Disability, rehabilitation is “a set of measures that assist individuals who experience, or are likely to experience, disability to achieve and maintain optimal functioning in interaction with their environments” (World Health Organization [WHO], 2011).


Rehabilitation literally means “redressing” (Latin habitat – dress). While there are many definitions of this concept, the world health organization (WHO) has defined rehabilitation as “a process aimed at enabling disabled persons to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social functional levels. Rehabilitation provides disabled people with the tools they need to attain independence and self-determination.” Thus, the aim of rehabilitation has traditionally been seen as facilitating the normalization of human functioning after injury, disease, or due to congenital defects. It is usually said to comprise a number of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Chatterjee, S., Patel, V., Chatterjee, A., & Weiss, H. A. (2003). Evaluation of a community-based rehabilitation model for chronic schizophrenia in rural India. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 57–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cicerone, K. D., Langenbahn, D. M., Braden, C., Malec, J. F., Kalmar, K., Fraas, M., Felicetti, T., et al. (2011). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Updated review of the literature from 2003 through. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92, 519–530.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dalal, H. M., Zawada, A., Jolly, K., Moxham, T., & Taylor, R. S. (2010). Home based versus centre based cardiac rehabilitation: Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal, 340, b5631. Review. Erratum in: BMJ. 2010;340:c1133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Duijts, S. F., Faber, M. M., Oldenburg, H. S., van Beurden, M., & Aaronson, N. K. (2011). Effectiveness of behavioral techniques and physical exercise on psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in breast cancer patients and survivors – a meta-analysis. Psycho-Oncology, 20, 115–126.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gona, J. K., Xiong, T., Muhit, M. A., Newton, C. R., & Hartley, S. (2010). Identification of people with disabilities using participatory rural appraisal and key informants: A pragmatic approach with action potential promoting validity and low cost. Disability and Rehabilitation, 32(1), 79–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gutenbrunner, C., Ward, A. B., Chamberlain, M. A., (Eds.) (2007). White book on physical and rehabilitation medicine in Europe. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 39(Suppl. 45), 1–48.Google Scholar
  7. Martin Ginis, K. A., Jetha, A., Mack, D. E., & Hetz, S. (2010). Physical activity and subjective well-being among people with spinal cord injury: A meta-analysis. Spinal Cord, 48, 65–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Meyer, T., Gutenbrunner, C., Bickenbach, J., Cieza, A., Melvin, J., & Stucki, G. (2011). Towards a conceptual description of rehabilitation as a health strategy. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 43, 765–769.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Norlund, A., Ropponen, A., & Alexanderson, K. (2009). Multidisciplinary interventions: review of studies of return to work after rehabilitation for low back pain. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 41, 115–121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Schonstein, E., Kenny, D. T., Keating, J., & Koes, B. W. (2003). Work conditioning, work hardening and functional restoration for workers with back and neck pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, CD001822.Google Scholar
  11. Stucki, G., Cieza, A., & Melvin, J. (2007). The international classification of functioning, disability and health: A unifying model for the conceptual description of the rehabilitation strategy. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 39, 279–285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Twamley, E. W., Jeste, D. V., & Lehman, A. F. (2003). Vocational rehabilitation in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders: A literature review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191, 515–523.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. United Nations. (2006). Convention on the rights of people with disabilities. New York: Author. Retrieved November 14, 2006, from http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull
  14. World Health Organization (WHO). (2001). ICF: International classification of functioning, disability and health. Geneva: Author. September 3, 2011, Also available online, http://www.who.int/classifications/icf/en/
  15. World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank. (2011). World report on disability. Geneva: Author. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/en/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark