Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Rehabilitation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_924

Synonyms

Definition

According to the World Report on Disability, rehabilitation is “a set of measures that assist individuals who experience, or are likely to experience, disability to achieve and maintain optimal functioning in interaction with their environments” (World Health Organization [WHO], 2011).

Description

Rehabilitation literally means “redressing” (Latin habitat – dress). While there are many definitions of this concept, the world health organization (WHO) has defined rehabilitation as “a process aimed at enabling disabled persons to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social functional levels. Rehabilitation provides disabled people with the tools they need to attain independence and self-determination.” Thus, the aim of rehabilitation has traditionally been seen as facilitating the normalization of human functioning after injury, disease, or due to congenital defects. It is usually said to comprise a number of...

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References and Readings

  1. Chatterjee, S., Patel, V., Chatterjee, A., & Weiss, H. A. (2003). Evaluation of a community-based rehabilitation model for chronic schizophrenia in rural India. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 57–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  15. World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank. (2011). World report on disability. Geneva: Author. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/en/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark