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Trait Anger

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Hostile affect; Hostility


Trait anger is described as a dispositional characteristic where one experiences frequent anger, with varying intensity (e.g., mild irritability, intense rage), and is often accompanied by related negative emotions such as envy, resentment, hate, and disgust (Buss, 1961; Siegman & Smith, 1994). There is considerable construct overlap between hostile dispositions and trait anger, making it difficult to disentangle. Martin, Watson, and Wan (2000) have proposed a three-factor model of trait anger, which includes the anger-related affect, behavior (i.e., aggression), and cognitions (i.e., cynicism), similar to several of the subscales of the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (Barefoot, Dodge, Peterson, Dahlstrom, & Williams, 1989). A frequently used measure of trait anger is the Spielberger State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), which measures trait anger as having a proneness to experiencing anger either as a general tendency (Anger...

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Correspondence to Judith Carroll Ph.D. .

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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media, New York

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Carroll, J. (2013). Trait Anger. In: Gellman, M.D., Turner, J.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.

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