Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Abuse, Elder

  • Terry FulmerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_78

Synonyms

Definition

The National Research Council defines elder mistreatment as “intentional actions that cause harm or create a serious risk of harm (whether or not harm is intended) to a vulnerable elder by a caregiver or other person who stands in a trust relationship to the elder or failure by a caregiver to satisfy the elder’s basic needs or to protect the elder from harm” (Bonnie & Wallace, 2003, p. 40).

Description

EM may occur in the community setting (domestic EM) or in institutional settings, such as nursing homes and adult family homes. In the United States, data about EM among community-dwelling, vulnerable older adults suggest that victimization will rise from 1.25 million in 2010 to 2.2 million in 2030 based on the aging demographics of America. Further, it is estimated that for every case of EM that is reported, more than five cases go unreported (Tatara, 1997). This means that there will be over 6.6 million unreported cases by 2020 and over 11.7...

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References and Readings

  1. Acierno, R., Hernandez, M. A., Amstadter, A. B., Resnick, H. S., Steve, K., Muzzy, W., et al. (2010). Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: The National Elder Mistreatment Study. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 292–297.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonnie, R. J., & Wallace, R. (Eds.). (2003). Elder mistreatment: Abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
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  5. Hawes, C. (2003). Elder abuse in residential long-term care settings: What is known and what information is needed? In R. J. Bonnie & R. Wallace (Eds.), Elder mistreatment: Abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  6. Lachs, M., Bachman, R., Williams, C. S., & O'Leary, J. R. (2007). Resident-to-resident elder mistreatment and police contact in nursing homes: Findings from a population-based cohort. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 55(6), 840–845.Google Scholar
  7. Lachs, M. S., Williams, C. S., O'Brien, S., Pillemer, K. A., & Charlson, M. E. (1998). The mortality of elder mistreatment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(5), 428–432.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Minority Staff SID, C. o. G. R., U.S. House of Representatives, (July 30, 2001). Abuse of residents is a major problem in U.S. nursing homes. Washington, DC: AuthorGoogle Scholar
  9. Post, L., Page, C., Conner, K. O., Prokhorov, A., Fang, Y., & Biroscak, J. (2010). Elder abuse in long-term care: Types, patterns, and risk factors. Research on Aging, 32(3), 323–348.Google Scholar
  10. Tatara, T. (1997). The national elder abuse incidence study: Executive summary. New York City: Human Services Press.Google Scholar
  11. Wang, J. J., Lin, M. F., Tseng, H. F., & Chang, W. Y. (2009). Caregiver factors contributing to psychological elder abuse behavior in long-term care facilities: a structural equation model approach. International Psychogeriatrics, 21(2), 314–320.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bouvé College of Health SciencesNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA