Obesity: Prevention and Treatment
Obesity prevention and treatment approaches have been developed for individuals across the developmental continuum, from childhood through adulthood. The basic goal of obesity prevention and treatment approaches is to shift energy balance (i.e., calories consumed versus calories expended) in order to reduce the presence of, or risk for, excess weight.
Obesity prevention efforts include attention to both promoting healthy dietary intake and achieving adequate physical activity. The NIH Obesity Research Task Force outlines three levels of obesity prevention (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2004). Primary prevention is aimed at all individuals regardless of weight or obesity risk status. Secondary prevention seeks to prevent further weight gain in individuals who are already overweight or obese. The goal of tertiary prevention is to prevent complications due to co-occurring health problems (e.g., type 2 diabetes) in individuals who are already...
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